Understanding Eczema – Types, Causes, Symptoms, And Treatment

Written by Sai Pragna Chagarla, Staff Writer – Hola Health
Medically reviewed by Dr Nelson Lau , MBBS FRACGP, General Practitioner and Digital Health Specialist
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What Are The Symptoms Of Eczema?

Eczema symptoms can vary from person to person, but common signs include:

  • Itching and scratching
  • Redness and inflammation
  • Dry and scaly skin
  • Blisters and oozing and may crust over in some cases 
  • Skin discoloration
  • Rash or patches
  • Skin may become thickened in areas of repeated scratching
  • Cracking and peeling
  • Loss of sleep due to the itching sensation

When Should I See A Doctor?

It’s best to speak to a doctor if you have any of the above symptoms to confirm the diagnosis, lessen the spread of eczema and to control the itching sensation. While there is no cure for eczema, several strategies can help manage and alleviate symptoms:

  • Moisturisation to reduce dryness and itching.
  • Avoiding Triggers: Identifying and avoiding triggers, such as certain foods, allergens, or environmental factors, can help prevent flare-ups.
  • Gentle Skincare: Using mild, fragrance-free soaps and avoiding harsh skincare products can prevent skin irritation.
  • Topical Steroids and Medications: In more severe cases, doctors may prescribe topical corticosteroids or other medications to reduce inflammation.
  • Antihistamines: Oral antihistamines can help alleviate itching and improve sleep for individuals with eczema.

Managing eczema is an ongoing process, and individuals with the condition may experience periods of remission and flare-ups. Adopting a proactive approach to skincare, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, and working closely with healthcare professionals can significantly improve the quality of life for those living with eczema.

See a GP within 15 minutes anytime, day or night

Reference

1. Health direct – Eczema: Reference Link

2. Atopic Eczema Management: It is hard to get consistent information! Deryn Thompson BN, MN, PC Allergy Nursing, PhD Candidate Eczema Nurse Educator, Lecturer University of South Australia: Reference Link

3. HCF Eczema Types, Causes and Treatment: Reference Link

4. Australian Association of Clinical Immunology and Allergy: Reference Link

5. The Australian College of Dermatologists: Reference Link

6. Eczema Association of Australasia: Reference Link

7. Zeleke BM, Lowe AJ, Dharmage SC, Lopez DJ, Koplin JJ, Peters RL, Soriano VX, Tang MLK, Walters EH, Varigos GA, Lodge CJ, Perret JL, Abramson MJ. Epidemiology of eczema in South-Eastern Australia. Australas J Dermatol. 2023 Feb;64(1):e41-e50. doi: 10.1111/ajd.13966. Epub 2022 Dec 19. PMID: 36533890.

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Disclaimer

This content is created for informational purposes only. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the guidance of your doctor or other qualified health professional with any questions you may have regarding your health or a medical condition. For emergencies please immediately contact 000.