Rosacea is a prevalent skin condition that affects people worldwide, especially women between the ages of 30 and 50 years. As a chronic disorder characterised by facial redness, visible blood vessels, and sometimes pustules, rosacea can have a significant impact on individuals’ physical and emotional well-being.

Australia’s diverse climate and environmental conditions can pose unique challenges for individuals with rosacea. The country’s high levels of ultraviolet (UV) radiation, combined with hot temperatures, can act as triggers for rosacea flare-ups. Prolonged sun exposure, common in Australia due to its outdoor lifestyle, can exacerbate redness and inflammation. Moreover, factors such as wind, humidity, and sudden temperature changes can contribute to the development of rosacea symptoms. It is important to understand the various triggers of Rosacea to identify what might be causing the flare-ups in a particular person.

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Types Of Rosacea

There are different types of Rosacea depending on where and how it occurs. The common 4 types that are seen are:

  • Erythematotelangiectatic Rosacea (ETR): There will be persistent facial redness, flushing, and visible blood vessels on the face.
  • Papulopustular Rosacea (PPR): In addition to facial redness, individuals also experience acne-like bumps (papules and pustules) on the central part of the face.
  • Ocular Rosacea: This affects the eyes, leading to a range of symptoms such as, Irritation, dryness, burning, grittiness, and redness
  • Phymatous or Swollen Rosacea: The skin on the nose, chin etc hardens looking like an orange peel.
    It is important to note that these 4 types are not mutually exclusive, and some patients may experience symptoms from more than one type.

The National Rosacea Society Categorises Rosacea Symptoms Into Two Groups

  • Primary category: Involves facial flushing, redness, visible blood vessels, papules, and pustules.
  • Secondary category: Involves burning or stinging, swelling, ocular manifestations, dry appearance, or plaques.

Causes and Triggers of Rosacea:

The exact cause of rosacea remains unclear, but a combination of genetic, environmental, and vascular factors is believed to contribute to its development. Certain triggers can exacerbate rosacea symptoms, including:

  • Genetics: Individuals with a family history of rosacea may be more predisposed to developing the condition.
  • Demodex Mites: These tiny mites that inhabit facial skin are found in higher numbers in individuals with rosacea, though the nature of this relationship is still being researched.
  • Abnormal Blood Vessels: Aberrations in blood vessels near the skin’s surface may contribute to the characteristic redness associated with rosacea.
  • Immune System Dysfunction: An abnormal immune response may play a role in the development of rosacea.
  • Hot weather, freezing weather or sunlight
  • Spicy foods, alcohol, and other drinks
  • Stressful environment, anger, exercise, certain medication and more

Rosacea Symptoms

Rosacea manifests in several ways, and its symptoms can range from mild to severe. Common signs and symptoms include:

  • Facial Redness: Persistent redness, often resembling a sunburn, particularly on the nose, cheeks, forehead, and chin.
  • Visible Blood Vessels: Small, visible blood vessels (telangiectasia) may appear on the skin.
  • Bumps and Pustules: Small, red, pus-filled bumps resembling acne may develop.
  • Eye Irritation: Ocular symptoms, such as dryness, burning, and irritation, may occur in some individuals (ocular rosacea).
  • Enlarged Nose: In rare cases, rhinophyma, a condition characterised by thickening of the skin and enlargement of the nose, may develop.

Rosacea Treatments

While there is no permanent cure for Rosacea, one should consider speaking to a doctor if they find one or more symptoms above. A proper treatment plan tailored to the specific symptoms and severity of the condition may be made along with your doctor.

Common Treatment Approaches Include:

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This content is created for informational purposes only. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the guidance of your doctor or other qualified health professional with any questions you may have regarding your health or a medical condition. For emergencies please immediately contact 000.